Eckart Voland und Wulf Schievenhövel (Eds.)
The Biological Evolution of Religious Mind and Behaviour
In a Darwinian world, religious behavior – just like other behaviors – is likely to have undergone a process of natural selection in which it was rewarded in the evolutionary currency of reproductive success. This book aims to provide a better understanding of the social scenarios in which selection pressure led to religious practices becoming an evolved human trait, i.e. an adaptive answer to the conditions of living and surviving that prevailed among our prehistoric ancestors. This aim is pursued by a team of expert authors from a range of disciplines. Their contributions examine the relevant physiological, emotional, cognitive and social processes. The resulting understanding of the functional interplay of these processes gives valuable insights into the biological roots and benefits of religion.
Table of contents
Wulf Schiefenhövel and Eckart Voland
2 Evaluating the Evolutionary Status of Religiosity and Religiousness
3 Gods, Gains, and Genes
4 How Some Major Components of Religion Could Have Evolved by Natural Selection?
Jay R. Feierman
5 The Correlated History of Social Organization, Morality, and Religion
David C. Lahti
6 Is There a Particular Role for Ideational Aspects of Religions in Human Behavioral Ecology
7 Talk and Tradition: Why the Least Interesting Components of Religion May Be the Most Evolutionarily Important
Craig T. Palmer, Ryan M. Ellsworth, and Lyle B. Steadman
8 The Reproductive Benefits of Religious Affiliation
9 The African Interregnum: The “Where,” “When,” and “Why” of the Evolution of Religion
10 Explaining the Inexplicable: Traditional and Syncretistic Religiosity in Melanesia
11 Authoritarianism, Religiousness, and Conservatism: Is “Obedience to Authority” the Explanation for Their Clustering, Universality and Evolution?
Thomas J. Bouchard, Jr.
12 Cognitive Foundations in the Development of a Religious Mind
Rebekah A. Richert and Erin I. Smith
13 Religious Belief and Neurocognitive Processes of the Self
14 Neurologic Constraints on Evolutionary Theories of Religion
Erica Harris and Patrick McNamara
15 On Shared Psychological Mechanisms of Religiousness and Delusional Beliefs
16 Cognitive Foundations of Religiosity
17 The Religious System as Adaptive: Cognitive Flexibility, Public Displays, and Acceptance
Benjamin Grant Purzycki and Richard Sosis
18 The Evolution of Evolutionary Theories of Religion
19 Evolutionary Perspectives on Religion – What They Can and What They Cannot Explain (Yet)